1 Kernel Release Notes

This document describes the changes made to the Kernel application.

1.1  Kernel 4.1

Improvements and New Features

  • A mechanism for limiting the amount of text that the built-in error logger events will produce has been introduced. It is useful for limiting both the size of log files and the CPU time used to produce them.

    This mechanism is experimental in the sense that it may be changed if it turns out that it does not solve the problem it is supposed to solve. In that case, there may be backward incompatible improvements to this mechanism.

    See the documentation for the config parameter error_logger_format_depth in the Kernel application for information about how to turn on this feature.

    Own Id: OTP-12864

1.2  Kernel 4.0

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fix error handling in file:read_line/1 for Unicode contents.

    Own Id: OTP-12144

  • Introduce os:getenv/2 which is similar to os:getenv/1 but returns the passed default value if the required environment variable is undefined.

    Own Id: OTP-12342

  • It is now possible to paste text in JCL mode (using Ctrl-Y) that has been copied in the previous shell session. Also a bug that caused the JCL mode to crash when pasting text has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-12673

  • Ensure that each segment of an IPv6 address when parsed from a string has a maximum of 4 hex digits

    Own Id: OTP-12773

Improvements and New Features

  • New BIF: erlang:get_keys/0, lists all keys associated with the process dictionary. Note: erlang:get_keys/0 is auto-imported.


    Own Id: OTP-12151 Aux Id: seq12521

  • The internal group to user_drv protocol has been changed to be synchronous in order to guarantee that output sent to a process implementing the user_drv protocol is printed before replying. This protocol is used by the standard_output device and the ssh application when acting as a client.

    This change changes the previous unlimited buffer when printing to standard_io and other devices that end up in user_drv to 1KB.


    Own Id: OTP-12240

  • The inflateInit/2 and deflateInit/6 functions now accepts a WindowBits argument equal to 8 and -8.

    Own Id: OTP-12564

  • Map error logger warnings to warning messages by default.

    Own Id: OTP-12755

  • Map beam error logger warnings to warning messages by default. Previously these messages were mapped to the error channel by default.

    Own Id: OTP-12781

  • gen_tcp:shutdown/2 is now asynchronous

    This solves the following problems with the old implementation:

    It doesn't block when the TCP peer is idle or slow. This is the expected behaviour when shutdown() is called: the caller needs to be able to continue reading from the socket, not be prevented from doing so.

    It doesn't truncate the output. The current version of gen_tcp:shutdown/2 will truncate any outbound data in the driver queue after about 10 seconds if the TCP peer is idle of slow. Worse yet, it doesn't even inform anyone that the data has been truncated: 'ok' is returned to the caller; and a FIN rather than an RST is sent to the TCP peer.


    Own Id: OTP-12797

  • There are many cases where user code needs to be able to distinguish between a socket that was closed normally and one that was aborted. Setting the option {show_econnreset, true} enables the user to receive ECONNRESET errors on both active and passive sockets.

    Own Id: OTP-12843

1.3  Kernel 3.2

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A bug causing an infinite loop in hostname resolving has been corrected. To trigger this bug you would have to enter an bogus search method from a configuration file e.g .inetrc.

    Bug pinpointed by Emil Holmström

    Own Id: OTP-12133

  • The standard_error process now handles the getopts I/O protocol request correctly and stores its encoding in the same way as standard_io.

    Also, io:put_chars(standard_error, [oops]) could previously crash the standard_error process. This is now corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-12424

Improvements and New Features

  • Configuration parameters for the Kernel application that allows setting socket options for the distribution sockets have been added. See the application Kernel documentation; parameters 'inet_dist_listen_options' and 'inet_dist_connect_options'.

    Own Id: OTP-12476 Aux Id: OTP-12476

1.4  Kernel 3.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Make sure to install .hrl files when needed

    Own Id: OTP-12197

  • Removed the undocumented application environment variable 'raw_files' from the kernel application. This variable was checked (by call to application:get_env/2) each time a raw file was to be opened in the file module.

    Own Id: OTP-12276

  • A bug has been fixed when using the netns option to gen_udp, which accidentally only worked if it was the last option.

    Own Id: OTP-12314

Improvements and New Features

  • Updated documentation for inet buffer size options.

    Own Id: OTP-12296

  • Introduce new option 'raw' in file_info and link_info functions. This option allows the caller not to go through the file server for information about files guaranteed to be local.

    Own Id: OTP-12325

1.5  Kernel 3.0.3

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Accept inet:ip_address() in net_adm:names/1

    Own Id: OTP-12154

1.6  Kernel 3.0.2

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • OTP-11850 fixed filelib:wildcard/1 to work with broken symlinks. This correction, however, introduced problems since symlinks were no longer followed for functions like filelib:ensure_dir/1, filelib:is_dir/1, filelib:file_size/1, etc. This is now corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-12054 Aux Id: seq12660

1.7  Kernel 3.0.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • If the Config given to application_controller:change_application_data included other config files, it was only expanded for already existing (loaded) applications. If an upgrade added a new application which had config data in an included config file, the new application did not get correct config data.

    This is now changed so config data will be expanded for all applications.

    Own Id: OTP-11864

  • It was allowed to re-load pre-loaded modules such as erlang, but that could cause strange and unwanted things to happen, such as call apply/3 to loop. Pre-loaded modules are now sticky by default. (Thanks to Loïc Hoguin for reporting this bug.)

    code:add_path("/ending/in/slash/") removes the trailing slash, adding /ending/in/slash to the code path. However, code:del_path("/ending/in/slash/") would fail to remove the path since it did not remove the trailing slash. This has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-11913

  • Fix erts_debug:size/1 to handle Map sizes

    Own Id: OTP-11923

  • The documentation for file:file_info/1 has been removed. The function itself was removed a long time ago.

    Own Id: OTP-11982

1.8  Kernel 3.0

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fixed a deadlock possibility in terminate application

    Own Id: OTP-11171

  • Fixed bug where sendfile would return the wrong error code for a remotely closed socket if the socket was in passive mode. (Thanks to Vincent Siliakus for reporting the bug.)

    Own Id: OTP-11614

  • The new option persistent is added to application:set_env/4 and application:unset_env/3. An environment key set with the persistent option will not be overridden by the ones configured in the application resource file on load. This means persistent values will stick after the application is loaded and also on application reload. (Thanks to José Valim)

    Own Id: OTP-11708

  • The spec for file:set_cwd/1 is modified to also accept binaries as arguments. This has always been allowed in the code, but it was not reflected in the spec since binaries are mostly used for raw file names. Raw file names are names that are not encoded according to file:native_name_encoding(), and these are not allowed in file:set_cwd/1. The spec is now, however, more allowing in order to avoid unnecessary dialyzer warnings. Raw file names will still fail in runtime with reason 'no_translation'. (Thanks to José Valim)

    Own Id: OTP-11787

Improvements and New Features

  • heart:set_cmd/1 is updated to allow unicode code points > 255 in the given heart command

    Own Id: OTP-10843

  • Dialyzer's unmatched_return warnings have been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-10908

  • Make erlang:open_port/2 spawn and spawn_executable handle unicode.

    Own Id: OTP-11105

  • Erlang/OTP has been ported to the realtime operating system OSE. The port supports both smp and non-smp emulator. For details around the port and how to started see the User's Guide in the ose application.

    Note that not all parts of Erlang/OTP has been ported.

    Notable things that work are: non-smp and smp emulators, OSE signal interaction, crypto, asn1, run_erl/to_erl, tcp, epmd, distribution and most if not all non-os specific functionality of Erlang.

    Notable things that does not work are: udp/sctp, os_mon, erl_interface, binding of schedulers.

    Own Id: OTP-11334

  • Add the {active,N} socket option for TCP, UDP, and SCTP, where N is an integer in the range -32768..32767, to allow a caller to specify the number of data messages to be delivered to the controlling process. Once the socket's delivered message count either reaches 0 or is explicitly set to 0 with inet:setopts/2 or by including {active,0} as an option when the socket is created, the socket transitions to passive ({active, false}) mode and the socket's controlling process receives a message to inform it of the transition. TCP sockets receive {tcp_passive,Socket}, UDP sockets receive {udp_passive,Socket} and SCTP sockets receive {sctp_passive,Socket}.

    The socket's delivered message counter defaults to 0, but it can be set using {active,N} via any gen_tcp, gen_udp, or gen_sctp function that takes socket options as arguments, or via inet:setopts/2. New N values are added to the socket's current counter value, and negative numbers can be used to reduce the counter value. Specifying a number that would cause the socket's counter value to go above 32767 causes an einval error. If a negative number is specified such that the counter value would become negative, the socket's counter value is set to 0 and the socket transitions to passive mode. If the counter value is already 0 and inet:setopts(Socket, [{active,0}]) is specified, the counter value remains at 0 but the appropriate passive mode transition message is generated for the socket.

    Thanks to Steve Vinoski

    Own Id: OTP-11368

  • A call to either the garbage_collect/1 BIF or the check_process_code/2 BIF may trigger garbage collection of another processes than the process calling the BIF. The previous implementations performed these kinds of garbage collections without considering the internal state of the process being garbage collected. In order to be able to more easily and more efficiently implement yielding native code, these types of garbage collections have been rewritten. A garbage collection like this is now triggered by an asynchronous request signal, the actual garbage collection is performed by the process being garbage collected itself, and finalized by a reply signal to the process issuing the request. Using this approach processes can disable garbage collection and yield without having to set up the heap in a state that can be garbage collected.

    The garbage_collect/2, and check_process_code/3 BIFs have been introduced. Both taking an option list as last argument. Using these, one can issue asynchronous requests.

    code:purge/1 and code:soft_purge/1 have been rewritten to utilize asynchronous check_process_code requests in order to parallelize work.

    Characteristics impact: A call to the garbage_collect/1 BIF or the check_process_code/2 BIF will normally take longer time to complete while the system as a whole wont be as much negatively effected by the operation as before. A call to code:purge/1 and code:soft_purge/1 may complete faster or slower depending on the state of the system while the system as a whole wont be as much negatively effected by the operation as before.

    Own Id: OTP-11388 Aux Id: OTP-11535, OTP-11648

  • Add sync option to file:open/2.

    The sync option adds the POSIX O_SYNC flag to the open system call on platforms that support the flag or its equivalent, e.g., FILE_FLAG_WRITE_THROUGH on Windows. For platforms that don't support it, file:open/2 returns {error, enotsup} if the sync option is passed in. Thank to Steve Vinoski and Joseph Blomstedt

    Own Id: OTP-11498

  • The contract of inet:ntoa/1 has been corrected.

    Thanks to Max Treskin.

    Own Id: OTP-11730

1.9  Kernel

Known Bugs and Problems

  • When using gen_tcp:connect and the fd option with port and/or ip, the port and ip options were ignored. This has been fixed so that if port and/or ip is specified together with fd a bind is requested for that fd. If port and/or ip is not specified bind will not be called.

    Own Id: OTP-12061

1.10  Kernel 2.16.4

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fix the typespec for the inet:ifget/2 and inet:ifget/3 return value. Thanks to Ali Sabil.

    Own Id: OTP-11377

  • Fix various typos in erts, kernel and ssh. Thanks to Martin Hässler.

    Own Id: OTP-11414

  • Fix rpc multicall sample code. Thanks to Edwin Fine.

    Own Id: OTP-11471

  • Under rare circumstances a process calling inet:close/1, gen_tcp:close/1, gen_udp:close/1, or gen_sctp:close/1 could hang in the call indefinitely.

    Own Id: OTP-11491

Improvements and New Features

  • Add more SCTP errors as described in RFC 4960. Thanks to Artem Teslenko.

    Own Id: OTP-11379

  • Add new BIF os:unsetenv/1 which deletes an environment variable. Thanks to Martin Hässler.

    Own Id: OTP-11446

1.11  Kernel 2.16.3

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fix indentation of User switch command help in Erlang shell. Thanks to Sylvain Benner.

    Own Id: OTP-11209

Improvements and New Features

  • The previous undocumented function ntoa/1 has been added to inet docs and exported in the inet module.

    Own Id: OTP-10676 Aux Id: OTP-10314

  • Fix typo in abcast() function comment. Thanks to Johannes Weissl.

    Own Id: OTP-11219

  • Add application:ensure_all_started/1-2. Thanks to Fred Hebert.

    Own Id: OTP-11250

  • Make edlin understand a few important control keys. Thanks to Stefan Zegenhagen.

    Own Id: OTP-11251

  • Cleanup of hipe_unified_loader, eliminating uses of is_subtype/2 in specs, change module-local void functions to return 'ok' instead of [] and made sure there are no dialyzer warnings with --Wunmatched_returns. Thanks to Kostis Sagonas.

    Own Id: OTP-11301

1.12  Kernel 2.16.2

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A bug in prim_inet has been corrected. If the port owner was killed at a bad time while closing the socket port the port could become orphaned hence causing port and socket leaking. Reported by Fred Herbert, Dmitry Belyaev and others.

    Own Id: OTP-10497 Aux Id: OTP-10562

  • A few bugs regarding case sensitivity for hostname resolution while using e.g the internal lookup types 'file' and 'dns' has been corrected. When looking up hostnames ASCII letters a-z are to be regarded as the same as A-Z according to RFC 4343 "Domain Name System (DNS) Case Insensitivity Clarification", and this was not always the case.

    Own Id: OTP-10689 Aux Id: seq12227

Improvements and New Features

  • Add application:ensure_started/1,2. It is equivavlent to application:start/1,2 except it returns ok for already started applications.

    Own Id: OTP-10910

  • Optimize communication with file io server. Thanks to Anthony Ramine.

    Own Id: OTP-11040

  • Erlang source files with non-ASCII characters are now encoded in UTF-8 (instead of latin1).

    Own Id: OTP-11041 Aux Id: OTP-10907

  • Optimization of simultaneous inet_db operations on the same socket by using a lock free implementation.

    Impact on the characteristics of the system: Improved performance.

    Own Id: OTP-11074

  • The high_msgq_watermark and low_msgq_watermark inet socket options introduced in OTP-R16A could only be set on TCP sockets. These options are now generic and can be set on all types of sockets.

    Own Id: OTP-11075 Aux Id: OTP-10336

  • Fix deep list argument error under Windows in os:cmd/1. Thanks to Aleksandr Vinokurov .

    Own Id: OTP-11104

1.13  Kernel 2.16.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A bug that could cause a crash with wrong reason has been corrected in the application_controller module.

    Own Id: OTP-10754

  • Fix code:is_module_native/1 that sometimes in R16A returned false for hipe compiled modules containing BIFs such as lists.

    Own Id: OTP-10870

  • Respect {exit_on_close,false} option on tcp socket in non-passive mode when receiving fails (due to an ill-formed packet for example) by only doing a half close and still allow sending on the socket. (Thanks to Anthony Molinaro and Steve Vinoski for reporting the problem)

    Own Id: OTP-10879

Improvements and New Features

  • Slightly nicer error message when node start fails due to duplicate name. Thanks to Magnus Henoch.

    Own Id: OTP-10797

  • Miscellaneous updates due to Unicode support.

    Own Id: OTP-10820

  • Add a new function code:get_mode() can be used to detect how the code servers behaves. Thanks to Vlad Dumitrescu

    Own Id: OTP-10823

  • Fix type of error Reason on gen_tcp:send/2. Thanks to Sean Cribbs.

    Own Id: OTP-10839

  • file:list_dir_all/1 and file:read_link_all/1 that can handle raw file names have been added. See the User Guide for STDLIB for information about raw file names.

    Own Id: OTP-10852

1.14  Kernel 2.16

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • It is no longer possible to have {Mod,Vsn} in the 'modules' list in a .app file.

    This was earlier possible, although never documented in the .app file reference manual. It was however visible in the documentation of application:load/[1,2], where the same term as in a .app file can be used as the first argument.

    The possibility has been removed since the Vsn part was never used.


    Own Id: OTP-10417

  • The contract of erl_ddll:format_error/1 has been corrected. (Thanks to Joseph Wayne Norton.)

    Own Id: OTP-10473

  • Change printout of application crash message on startup to formated strings (Thanks to Serge Aleynikov)

    Own Id: OTP-10620

  • The type ascii_string() in the base64 module has been corrected. The type file:file_info() has been cleaned up. The type file:fd() has been made opaque in the documentation.

    Own Id: OTP-10624 Aux Id: kunagi-352 [263]

Improvements and New Features

  • Inet exported functionality

    inet:parse_ipv4_address/1, inet:parse_ipv4strict_address/1, inet:parse_ipv6_address/1, inet:parse_ipv6strict_address/1, inet:parse_address/1 and inet:parse_strict_address is now exported from the inet module.

    Own Id: OTP-8067 Aux Id: kunagi-274 [185]

  • A boolean socket option 'ipv6_v6only' for IPv6 sockets has been added. The default value of the option is OS dependent, so applications aiming to be portable should consider using {ipv6_v6only,true} when creating an inet6 listening/destination socket, and if neccesary also create an inet socket on the same port for IPv4 traffic. See the documentation.

    Own Id: OTP-8928 Aux Id: kunagi-193 [104]

  • Support for Unicode has been implemented.

    Own Id: OTP-10302

  • The documentation for global:register_name/3 has been updated to mention that the use of {Module,Function} as the method argument (resolve function) is deprecated.

    Own Id: OTP-10419

  • Fixed bug where sendfile on oracle solaris would return an error when a partial send was done.

    Own Id: OTP-10549

  • The error_handler module will now call '$handle_undefined_function'/2 if an attempt is made to call a non-existing function in a module that exists. See the documentation for error_handler module for details.

    Own Id: OTP-10617 Aux Id: kunagi-340 [251]

  • Where necessary a comment stating encoding has been added to Erlang files. The comment is meant to be removed in Erlang/OTP R17B when UTF-8 becomes the default encoding.

    Own Id: OTP-10630

  • Do not return wrong terms unnecessarily. (Thanks to Kostis Sagonas.)

    Own Id: OTP-10662

  • Some examples overflowing the width of PDF pages have been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-10665

  • Add file:allocate/3 operation

    This operation allows pre-allocation of space for files. It succeeds only on systems that support such operation. (Thanks to Filipe David Manana)

    Own Id: OTP-10680

  • Add application:get_key/3. The new function provides a default value for a configuration parameter. Thanks to Serge Aleynikov.

    Own Id: OTP-10694

  • Add search to Erlang shell's history. Thanks to Fred Herbert.

    Own Id: OTP-10739

1.15  Kernel 2.15.3

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Ensure 'erl_crash.dump' when asked for it. This will change erl_crash.dump behaviour.

    * Not setting ERL_CRASH_DUMP_SECONDS will now terminate beam immediately on a crash without writing a crash dump file.

    * Setting ERL_CRASH_DUMP_SECONDS to 0 will also terminate beam immediately on a crash without writing a crash dump file, i.e. same as not setting ERL_CRASH_DUMP_SECONDS environment variable.

    * Setting ERL_CRASH_DUMP_SECONDS to a negative value will let the beam wait indefinitely on the crash dump file being written.

    * Setting ERL_CRASH_DUMP_SECONDS to a positive value will let the beam wait that many seconds on the crash dump file being written.

    A positive value will set an alarm/timeout for restart both in beam and in heart if heart is running.


    Own Id: OTP-10422 Aux Id: kunagi-250 [161]

1.16  Kernel 2.15.2

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fixed issue where using controlling_process/2 with self() as the second argument caused the port to leak if self() crashes. (Thanks to Ricardo Catalinas Jiménez)

    Own Id: OTP-10094

  • When sending large files using the file:sendfile fallback file:sendfile would crash. This is now fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-10098

  • Fix rpc:call/5 for local calls with a finite Timeout (Thanks to Tomer Chachamu)

    Own Id: OTP-10149

  • fix escript/primary archive reloading

    If the mtime of an escript/primary archive file changes after being added to the code path, correctly reload the archive and update the cache. (Thanks to Tuncer Ayaz)

    Own Id: OTP-10151

  • Support added for home directories named with non-ASCII characters (codepoints above 127) on a system running in Unicode file mode (e.g. on MacOSX or Linux with startup arguments +fnu or +fna with the right LOCALE). Also environment variables with Unicode content are supported in applicable environments.

    Own Id: OTP-10160

  • Allow mixed IPv4 and IPv6 addresses to sctp_bindx

    Also allow mixed address families to bind, since the first address on a multihomed sctp socket must be bound with bind, while the rest are to be bound using sctp_bindx. At least Linux supports adding address of mixing families. Make inet_set_faddress function available also when HAVE_SCTP is not defined, since we use it to find an address for bind to be able to mix ipv4 and ipv6 addresses. Thanks to Tomas Abrahamsson

    Own Id: OTP-10217

Improvements and New Features

  • Document inet options: high_watermark, priority, linger and a some other options that previously was undocumented.

    Own Id: OTP-10053

  • Remove bit8 option support from inet

    Own Id: OTP-10056

  • The type of the disk log header has been corrected. (Thanks to Niclas Eklund.)

    Own Id: OTP-10131

1.17  Kernel 2.15.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Driver output has been corrected so output of large binaries (> 4 GiB) now does not silently fail or crash the emulator, but either outputs the binary or fails the call. This means that writing a binary > 4 Gib to file now works but on e.g 64-bit Windows (that has scatter/gather I/O buffer segment lengths of 32 bits) fails. The behaviour may change in the future to always write the binary, in parts if necessary.

    Own Id: OTP-9820 Aux Id: OTP-9795

  • erts: minor fix for unnecessary condition erts: change SENDFILE_CHUNK_SIZE from signed to unsigned (Thanks to jovi zhang)

    Own Id: OTP-9872

  • Two contracts in gen_sctp have been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-9874

  • If a process calls a module with an running on_load handler, the process is supposed to be suspended. But if the module with the on_load handler was loading used code:load_binary/3, the call would instead fail with an undef exception.

    Own Id: OTP-9875

  • File name and error reason is now returned if creation of a cookie fails. (Thanks to Magnus Henoch)

    Own Id: OTP-9954

  • Fix port leak in zlib when passing invalid data to compress,uncompress,zip,unzip,gzip,gunzip.

    Own Id: OTP-9981

  • Various typographical errors corrected in documentation for the global, error_logger, etop, lists, ets and supervisor modules and in the c_portdriver and kernel_app documentation. (Thanks to Ricardo Catalinas Jiménez)

    Own Id: OTP-9987

  • Fix returned error from gen_tcp:accept/1,2 when running out of ports

    The {error, enfile} return value is badly misleading and confusing for this case, since the Posix ENFILE errno value has a well-defined meaning that has nothing to do with Erlang ports. The fix changes the return value to {error, system_limit}, which is consistent with e.g. various file(3) functions. inet:format_error/1 has also been updated to support system_limit in the same manner as file:format_error/1. (Thanks to Per Hedeland)

    Own Id: OTP-9990

  • erts_debug:size/1 has been corrected to take sharing in the environment of funs into account. For funs it used to always give the same result as erts_debug:flat_size/1.

    Own Id: OTP-9991

  • In some cases when the process doing file:sendfile crashes while sending the file the efile_drv code would not clean up after itself correctly. This has now been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-9993

  • On BSD based platforms file:sendfile would sometime go into an infinite loop when sending big files. This has now been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-9994

  • While disk_log eagerly collects logged terms for better performance, collecting too much data may choke the system and cause huge binaries to be written.

    The problem was addressed in OTP-9764, but the situation was not improved in all cases.

    (Thanks to Richard Carlsson.)

    Own Id: OTP-9999 Aux Id: OTP-9764

  • The documentation of .app files incorrectly said that the default value for the mod parameter is undefined. This is now corrected to [].

    Own Id: OTP-10002

1.18  Kernel 2.15

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Calls to global:whereis_name/1 have been substituted for calls to global:safe_whereis_name/1 since the latter is not safe at all.

    The reason for not doing this earlier is that setting a global lock masked out a bug concerning the restart of supervised children. The bug has now been fixed by a modification of global:whereis_name/1. (Thanks to Ulf Wiger for code contribution.)

    A minor race conditions in gen_fsm:start* has been fixed: if one of these functions returned {error, Reason} or ignore, the name could still be registered (either locally or in global. (This is the same modification as was done for gen_server in OTP-7669.)

    The undocumented function global:safe_whereis_name/1 has been removed.

    Own Id: OTP-9212 Aux Id: seq7117, OTP-4174

  • Honor option packet_size for http packet parsing by both TCP socket and erlang:decode_packet. This gives the ability to accept HTTP headers larger than the default setting, but also avoid DoS attacks by accepting lines only up to whatever length you wish to allow. For consistency, packet type line also honor option packet_size. (Thanks to Steve Vinoski)

    Own Id: OTP-9389

  • disk_log:reopen/2,3 and disk_log:breopen/3 could return the error reason from file:rename/2 rather than the reason {file_error, Filename, Reason}. This bug has been fixed.

    The message {disk_log, Node, {error, disk_log_stopped}} which according the documentation is sent upon failure to truncate or reopen a disk log was sometimes turned into a reply. This bug has been fixed.


    Own Id: OTP-9508

  • Environment variable 'shutdown_timeout' is added to kernel application. Earlier, application_controller would hang forever if an application top supervisor did not terminate upon a shutdown request. If this new environment variable is set to a positive integer T, then application controller will now give up after T milliseconds and instead brutally kill the application. For backwards compatibility, the default value for shutdown_timeout is 'infinity'.

    Own Id: OTP-9540

  • Add '-callback' attributes in stdlib's behaviours

    Replace the behaviour_info(callbacks) export in stdlib's behaviours with -callback' attributes for all the callbacks. Update the documentation with information on the callback attribute Automatically generate 'behaviour_info' function from '-callback' attributes

    'behaviour_info(callbacks)' is a special function that is defined in a module which describes a behaviour and returns a list of its callbacks.

    This function is now automatically generated using the '-callback' specs. An error is returned by lint if user defines both '-callback' attributes and the behaviour_info/1 function. If no type info is needed for a callback use a generic spec for it. Add '-callback' attribute to language syntax

    Behaviours may define specs for their callbacks using the familiar spec syntax, replacing the '-spec' keyword with '-callback'. Simple lint checks are performed to ensure that no callbacks are defined twice and all types referred are declared.

    These attributes can be then used by tools to provide documentation to the behaviour or find discrepancies in the callback definitions in the callback module.

    Add callback specs into 'application' module in kernel Add callback specs to tftp module following internet documentation Add callback specs to inets_service module following possibly deprecated comments

    Own Id: OTP-9621

  • make tab completion work in remote shells (Thanks to Mats Cronqvist)

    Own Id: OTP-9673

  • Add missing parenthesis in heart doc.

    Add missing spaces in the Reference Manual distributed section.

    In the HTML version of the doc those spaces are necessary to separate those words.

    Own Id: OTP-9693

  • Fixes net_kernel:get_net_ticktime() doc

    Adds missing description when `ignored' is returned. (Thanks to Ricardo Catalinas Jiménez )

    Own Id: OTP-9713

  • While disk_log eagerly collects logged terms for better performance, collecting too much data may choke the system and cause huge binaries to be written. In order to remedy the situation a (small) limit on the amount of data that is collected before writing to disk has been introduced.

    Own Id: OTP-9764

    • Correct callback spec in application module

    • Refine warning about callback specs with extra ranges

    • Cleanup autoimport compiler directives

    • Fix Dialyzer's warnings in typer

    • Fix Dialyzer's warning for its own code

    • Fix bug in Dialyzer's behaviours analysis

    • Fix crash in Dialyzer

    • Variable substitution was not generalizing any unknown variables.

    Own Id: OTP-9776

  • Fix a crash when file:change_time/2,3 are called with invalid dates

    Calling file:change_time/2,3 with an invalid date tuple (e.g file:change_time("file.txt", {undefined, undefined})) will cause file_server_2 to crash. error_logger will shutdown and the whole VM will stop. Change behavior to validate given dates on system boundaries. (i.e before issuing a server call).(Thanks to Ahmed Omar)

    Own Id: OTP-9785

Improvements and New Features

  • An option list argument can now be passed to file:read_file_info/2, file:read_link_info/2 and file:write_file_info/3 and set time type information in the call. Valid options are {time, local}, {time, universal} and {time, posix}. In the case of posix time no conversions are made which makes the operation a bit faster.

    Own Id: OTP-7687

  • file:list_dir/1,2 will now fill an buffer entire with filenames from the efile driver before sending it to an erlang process. This will speed up this file operation in most cases.

    Own Id: OTP-9023

  • gen_sctp:open/0-2 may now return {error,eprotonosupport} if SCTP is not supported

    gen_sctp:peeloff/1 has been implemented and creates a one-to-one socket which also are supported now


    Own Id: OTP-9239

  • Sendfile has been added to the file module's API. sendfile/2 is used to read data from a file and send it to a tcp socket using a zero copying mechanism if available on that OS.

    Thanks to Tuncer Ayaz and Steve Vinovski for original implementation

    Own Id: OTP-9240

  • Tuple funs (a two-element tuple with a module name and a function) are now officially deprecated and will be removed in R16. Use 'fun M:F/A' instead. To make you aware that your system uses tuple funs, the very first time a tuple fun is applied, a warning will be sent to the error logger.

    Own Id: OTP-9649

1.19  Kernel 2.14.5

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fix type of Packet arg of gen_tcp:send/2 and gen_udp:send/4

    The type is marked as a binary() or a string() but in practice it can be an iodata(). The test suite was updated to confirm the gen_tcp/2 and gen_udp:send/4 functions accept iodata() (iolists) packets. (Thanks to Filipe David Manana)

    Own Id: OTP-9514

  • XML files have been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-9550 Aux Id: OTP-9541

Improvements and New Features

  • The types and specifications of the inet modules have been improved.

    Own Id: OTP-9260

  • Types and specifications have been added.

    Own Id: OTP-9356

  • Contracts in STDLIB and Kernel have been improved and type errors have been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-9485

  • Update documentation and specifications of some of the zlib functions.

    Own Id: OTP-9506

1.20  Kernel 2.14.4

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The send_timeout option in gen_tcp did not work properly in active mode or with {active,once} options. This is now corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-9145

  • Fixed various typos across the documentation (Thanks to Tuncer Ayaz)

    Own Id: OTP-9154

  • Fix typo in doc of rpc:pmap/3 (Thanks to Ricardo Catalinas Jiménez)

    Own Id: OTP-9168

  • A bug in inet_res, the specialized DNS resolver, has been corrected. A late answer with unfortunate timing could cause a runtime exception. Some code cleanup and improvements also tagged along. Thanks to Evegeniy Khramtsov for a pinpointing bug report and bug fix testing.

    Own Id: OTP-9221 Aux Id: OTP-8712

Improvements and New Features

  • Types and specifications have been added.

    Own Id: OTP-9268

  • Erlang types and specifications are used for documentation.

    Own Id: OTP-9272

  • Two opaque types that could cause warnings when running Dialyzer have been modified.

    Own Id: OTP-9337

1.21  Kernel 2.14.3

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • os:find_executable/{1,2} will no longer return the path of a directory that happens to be in the PATH.

    Own Id: OTP-8983 Aux Id: seq11749

  • Fix -spec for file:write_file/3

    Change type for second parameter from binary() to iodata(), since the function explicitly takes steps to accept lists as well as binaries. (thanks to Magnus Henoch).

    Own Id: OTP-9067

  • Sanitize the specs of the code module

    After the addition of unicode_binary() to the file:filename() type, dialyzer started complaining about erroneous or incomplete specs in some functions of the 'code' module. The culprit was hard-coded information in erl_bif_types for functions of this module, which were not updated. Since these functions have proper specs these days and code duplication (pun intended) is never a good idea, their type information was removed from erl_bif_types.

    While doing this, some erroneous comments were fixed in the code module and also made sure that the code now runs without dialyzer warnings even when the -Wunmatched_returns option is used.

    Some cleanups were applied to erl_bif_types too.

    Own Id: OTP-9100

  • - Add spec for function that does not return - Strenghen spec - Introduce types to avoid duplication in specs - Add specs for functions that do not return - Add specs for behaviour callbacks - Simplify two specs

    Own Id: OTP-9127

1.22  Kernel 2.14.2

Improvements and New Features

  • The Erlang VM now supports Unicode filenames. The feature is turned on by default on systems where Unicode filenames are mandatory (Windows and MacOSX), but can be enabled on other systems with the '+fnu' emulator option. Enabling the Unicode filename feature on systems where it is not default is however considered experimental and not to be used for production. Together with the Unicode file name support, the concept of "raw filenames" is introduced, which means filenames provided without implicit unicode encoding translation. Raw filenames are provided as binaries, not lists. For further information, see stdlib users guide and the chapter about using Unicode in Erlang. Also see the file module manual page.


    Own Id: OTP-8887

  • There is now a new function inet:getifaddrs/0 modeled after C library function getifaddrs() on BSD and LInux that reports existing interfaces and their addresses on the host. This replaces the undocumented and unsupported inet:getiflist/0 and inet:ifget/2.

    Own Id: OTP-8926

1.23  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • In embedded mode, on_load handlers that called code:priv_dir/1 or other functions in code would hang the system. Since the crypto application now contains an on_loader handler that calls code:priv_dir/1, including the crypto application in the boot file would prevent the system from starting.

    Also extended the -init_debug option to print information about on_load handlers being run to facilitate debugging.

    Own Id: OTP-8902 Aux Id: seq11703

1.24  Kernel 2.14.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fixed: inet:setopts(S, [{linger,{true,2}}]) returned {error,einval} for SCTP sockets. The inet_drv had a bug when checking the option size.

    Own Id: OTP-8726 Aux Id: seq11617

  • gen_udp:connect/3 was broken for SCTP enabled builds. It did not detect remote end errors as it should.

    Own Id: OTP-8729

  • reference() has been substituted for ref() in the documentation.

    Own Id: OTP-8733

  • A bug introduced in kernel- has been fixed. If running net_kernel:set_net_ticktime/1 twice within the TransitionPerod the second call caused the net_kernel process to crash with a badmatch.

    Own Id: OTP-8787 Aux Id: seq11657, OTP-8643

  • inet:getsockopt for SCTP sctp_default_send_param had a bug to not initialize required feilds causing random answers. It is now corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-8795 Aux Id: seq11655

  • For a socket in the HTTP packet mode, the return value from gen_tcp:recv/2,3 if there is an error in the header will be {ok,{http_error,String}} instead of {error,{http_error,String}} to be consistent with ssl:recv/2,3.


    Own Id: OTP-8831

Improvements and New Features

  • Even when configuring erlang with --enable-native-libs, the native code for modules loaded very early (such as lists) would not get loaded. This has been corrected. (Thanks to Paul Guyot.)

    Own Id: OTP-8750

  • The undocumented function inet:ifget/2 has been improved to return interface hardware address (MAC) on platforms supporting getaddrinfo() (such as BSD unixes). Note it still does not work on all platforms for example not Windows nor Solaris, so the function is still undocumented.

    Buffer overflow and field init bugs for inet:ifget/2 and inet:getservbyname/2 has also been fixed.

    Thanks to Michael Santos.

    Own Id: OTP-8816

  • As a usability improvement the 'inet6' option to functions gen_tcp:listen/2, gen_tcp:connect/3-4, gen_udp:open/2 and gen_sctp:open/1-2 is now implicit if the address argument or the 'ip' option contain an IPv6 address (8-tuple).

    Own Id: OTP-8822

1.25  Kernel 2.14

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • os:find_executable can now be fed with the complete name of the executable on Windows and still find it. I.e os:find_executable("werl.exe") will work as os:find_executable("werl").

    Own Id: OTP-3626

  • The shell's line editing has been improved to more resemble the behaviour of readline and other shells. (Thanks to Dave Peticolas)

    Own Id: OTP-8635

  • Under certain circumstances the net kernel could hang. (Thanks to Scott Lystig Fritchie.)

    Own Id: OTP-8643 Aux Id: seq11584

  • The kernel DNS resolver was leaking one or two ports if the DNS reply could not be parsed or if the resolver(s) caused noconnection type errors. Bug now fixed. A DNS specification borderline truncated reply triggering the port leakage bug has also been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-8652

Improvements and New Features

  • As of this version, the global name server no longer supports nodes running Erlang/OTP R11B.

    Own Id: OTP-8527

  • The file module's functions write,read and read_line now handles named io_servers like 'standard_io' and 'standard_error' correctly.

    Own Id: OTP-8611

  • The functions file:advise/4 and file:datasync/1 have been added. (Thanks to Filipe David Manana.)

    Own Id: OTP-8637

  • When exchanging groups between nodes pg2 did not remove duplicated members. This bug was introduced in R13B03 (kernel-2.13.4).

    Own Id: OTP-8653

  • There is a new option 'exclusive' to file:open/2 that uses the OS O_EXCL flag where supported to open the file in exclusive mode.

    Own Id: OTP-8670

1.26  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A bug introduced in Kernel has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-8686 Aux Id: OTP-8643

1.27  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Under certain circumstances the net kernel could hang. (Thanks to Scott Lystig Fritchie.)

    Own Id: OTP-8643 Aux Id: seq11584

1.28  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A race condition in os:cmd/1 could cause the caller to get stuck in os:cmd/1 forever.

    Own Id: OTP-8502

1.29  Kernel 2.13.5

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A race bug affecting pg2:get_local_members/1 has been fixed. The bug was introduced in R13B03.

    Own Id: OTP-8358

  • The loading of native code was not properly atomic in the SMP emulator, which could cause crashes. Also a per-MFA information table for the native code has now been protected with a lock since it turns that it could be accessed concurrently in the SMP emulator. (Thanks to Mikael Pettersson.)

    Own Id: OTP-8397

  • user.erl (used in oldshell) is updated to handle unicode in prompt strings (io:get_line/{1,2}). io_lib is also updated to format prompts with the 't' modifier (i.e. ~ts instead of ~s).

    Own Id: OTP-8418 Aux Id: OTP-8393

  • The resolver routines failed to look up the own node name as hostname, if the OS native resolver was erroneously configured, bug reported by Yogish Baliga, now fixed.

    The resolver routines now tries to parse the hostname as an IP string as most OS resolvers do, unless the native resolver is used.

    The DNS resolver inet_res and file resolver inet_hosts now do not read OS configuration files until they are needed. Since the native resolver is default, in most cases they are never needed.

    The DNS resolver's automatic updating of OS configuration file data (/etc/resolv.conf) now uses the 'domain' keyword as default search domain if there is no 'search' keyword.

    Own Id: OTP-8426 Aux Id: OTP-8381

Improvements and New Features

  • The expected return value for an on_load function has been changed. (See the section about code loading in the Reference manual.)


    Own Id: OTP-8339

  • Explicit top directories in archive files are now optional.

    For example, if an archive (app-vsn.ez) just contains an app-vsn/ebin/mod.beam file, the file info for the app-vsn and app-vsn/ebin directories are faked using the file info from the archive file as origin. The virtual direcories can also be listed. For short, the top directories are virtual if they does not exist.

    Own Id: OTP-8387

  • code:clash/0 now looks inside archives (.ez files). (Thanks to Tuncer Ayaz.)

    Own Id: OTP-8413

  • There are new gen_sctp:connect_init/* functions that initiate an SCTP connection without blocking for the result. The result is delivered asynchronously as an sctp_assoc_change event. (Thanks to Simon Cornish.)

    Own Id: OTP-8414

1.30  Kernel 2.13.4

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A link in pg2(3) has been fixed. (Thanks to Christophe Romain.)

    Own Id: OTP-8198

  • A ticker process could potentially be blocked indefinitely trying to send a tick to a node not responding. If this happened, the connection would not be brought down as it should.

    Own Id: OTP-8218

  • A bug in pg2 when members who died did not leave process groups has been fixed. (Thanks to Matthew Dempsky.)

    Own Id: OTP-8259

Improvements and New Features

  • The documentation is now built with open source tools (xsltproc and fop) that exists on most platforms. One visible change is that the frames are removed.

    Own Id: OTP-8201

  • The top directory in archive files does not need to have a -vsn suffix anymore. For example if the archive file has the name like mnesia-4.4.7.ez the top directory in the archive can either be named mnesia or mnesia-4.4.7. If the archive file has a name like mnesia.ez the top directory in the archive must be named mnesia as earlier.

    Own Id: OTP-8266

  • The -on_load() directive can be used to run a function when a module is loaded. It is documented in the section about code loading in the Reference Manual.

    Own Id: OTP-8295

1.31  Kernel 2.13.3

Improvements and New Features

  • The DNS resolver client inet_res has been rewritten, documented and released. See inet_res(3) and Erts User's Guide: Inet configuration.

    It can formally not be incompatible with respect to earlier versions since there was no earlier official version. However it was used before and some details have changed.

    Configuration now initializes from /etc/resolv.conf and /etc/hosts on all unix platforms regardless of which distribution mode the node is started in. The directory (/etc) these files are supposed to reside in can be changed via an environment variable. These configuration file locations can also be changed in the inet configuration. The files are monitored for change and re-read, which makes a few resolver configuration variables out of application control. The /etc/hosts entries have now their own cache table that is shadowed (with lookup method 'file' is used) by the application configured host entries. This problem (that inet_res configuration only worked for distribution mode long names) was among other reported by Matthew O'Gorman many moons ago.

    The lookup methods are still 'native' only per default. Resolver configuration is done on all Unix platforms just to get a usable configuration for direct calls to inet_res.

    The functions inet_res:nslookup/3..5 and inet_res:nnslookup/4..4 are no longer recommended to use, instead use inet_res:lookup/3..5 and inet_res:resolve/3..5 which provide clearer argument types and the possibility to override options in the call.

    Users of previous unsupported versions of inet_res have included internal header files to get to the internal record definitions in order to examine DNS replies. This is still unsupported and there are access functions in inet_dns to use instead. These are documented in inet_res(3).

    Bug fix: a compression reference loop would make DNS message decoding loop forever. Problem reported by Florian Weimer.

    Bug fix and patch suggestion by Sergei Golovan: configuring IPv6 nameservers did not work. His patch (as he warned) created many UDP sockets; one per nameserver. This has been fixed in the released version.

    Improvement: inet_res is now EDNS0 capable. The current implementation is simple and does not probe and cache EDNS info for nameservers, which a fully capable implementation probably should do. EDNS has to be enabled via resolver configuration, and if a nameserver replies that it does not support EDNS, inet_res falls back to a regular DNS query.

    Improvement: now inet_res automatically falls back to TCP if it gets a truncated answer from a nameserver.

    Warning: some of the ancient and exotic record types handled by inet_res and inet_dns are not supported by current versions of BIND, so they could not be tested after the rewrite, with reasonable effort, e.g MD, MF, NULL, and SPF. The risk for bugs in these particular records is still low since their code is mostly shared with other tested record types.


    Own Id: OTP-7955 Aux Id: OTP-7107 OTP-6852

  • A TCP socket with option {packet,4} could crash the emulator if it received a packet header with a very large size value (>2Gb). The same bug caused erlang:decode_packet/3 to return faulty values. (Thanks to Georgos Seganos.)

    Own Id: OTP-8102

  • The file module has now a read_line/1 function similar to the io:get_line/2, but with byte oriented semantics. The function file:read_line/1 works for raw files as well, but for good performance it is recommended to use it together with the 'read_ahead' option for raw file access.

    Own Id: OTP-8108

1.32  Kernel 2.13.2

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A bug when doing io:get_line (among other calls) from a file opened with encoding other than latin1, causing false unicode errors to occur, is now corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-7974

Improvements and New Features

  • Added functionality to get higher resolution timestamp from system. The erlang:now function returns a timestamp that's not always consistent with the actual operating system time (due to resilience against large time changes in the operating system). The function os:timestamp/0 is added to get a similar timestamp as the one being returned by erlang:now, but untouched by Erlangs time correcting and smoothing algorithms. The timestamp returned by os:timestamp is always consistent with the operating systems view of time, like the calendar functions for getting wall clock time, but with higher resolution. Example of usage can be found in the os manual page.

    Own Id: OTP-7971

1.33  Kernel 2.13.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Many concurrent calls to os:cmd/1 will only block one scheduler thread at a time, making an smp emulator more responsive if the OS is slow forking processes.

    Own Id: OTP-7890 Aux Id: seq11219

  • Fixed hanging early RPC that did IO operation during node start.

    Own Id: OTP-7903 Aux Id: seq11224

  • The error behavior of gen_tcp and gen_udp has been corrected. gen_tcp:connect/3,4 and gen_udp:send/4 now returns {error,eafnosupport} for conflicting destination address versus socket address family. Other corner cases for IP address string host names combined with not using the native (OS) resolver (which is not default) has also been changed to return {error,nxdomain} instead of {error,einval}. Those changes just may surprise old existing code. gen_tcp:listen/2 and gen_udp:open/2 now fails for conflicting local address versus socket address family instead of trying to use an erroneous address. Problem reported by Per Hedeland.


    Own Id: OTP-7929

Improvements and New Features

  • Several glitches and performance issues in the Unicode and I/O-system implementation of R13A have been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-7896 Aux Id: OTP-7648 OTP-7887

  • The unsupported DNS resolver client inet_res has now been improved to handle NAPTR queries.

    Own Id: OTP-7925 Aux Id: seq11231

1.34  Kernel 2.13

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The old Erlang DNS resolver inet_res has been corrected to handle TXT records with more than one character string. Patch courtesy of Geoff Cant.

    Own Id: OTP-7588

  • When chunk reading a disk log opened in read_only mode, bad terms could crash the disk log process.

    Own Id: OTP-7641 Aux Id: seq11090

  • gen_tcp:send() did sometimes (only observed on Solaris) return {error,enotconn} instead of the expected {error,closed} as the peer socket had been explicitly closed.

    Own Id: OTP-7647

  • The gen_sctp option sctp_peer_addr_params, #sctp_paddrparams{address={IP,Port} was erroneously decoded in the inet driver. This bug has now been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-7755

Improvements and New Features

  • Erlang programs can now access STDERR on platforms where such a file descriptor is available by using the io_server 'standard_error', i.e. io:format(standard_error,"~s~n",[ErrorMessage]),

    Own Id: OTP-6688

  • The format of the string returned by erlang:system_info(system_version) (as well as the first message when Erlang is started) has changed. The string now contains the both the OTP version number as well as the erts version number.

    Own Id: OTP-7649

  • As of this version, the global name server no longer supports nodes running Erlang/OTP R10B.

    Own Id: OTP-7661

  • A {nodedown, Node} message passed by the net_kernel:monitor_nodes/X functionality is now guaranteed to be sent after Node has been removed from the result returned by erlang:nodes/Y.

    Own Id: OTP-7725

  • The deprecated functions erlang:fault/1, erlang:fault/2, and file:rawopen/2 have been removed.


    Own Id: OTP-7812

  • Nodes belonging to different independent clusters can now co-exist on the same host with the help of a new environment variable setting ERL_EPMD_PORT.

    Own Id: OTP-7826

  • The copyright notices have been updated.

    Own Id: OTP-7851

1.35  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • When chunk reading a disk log opened in read_only mode, bad terms could crash the disk log process.

    Own Id: OTP-7641 Aux Id: seq11090

  • Calling gen_tcp:send() from several processes on socket with option send_timeout could lead to much longer timeout than specified. The solution is a new socket option {send_timeout_close,true} that will do automatic close on timeout. Subsequent calls to send will then immediately fail due to the closed connection.

    Own Id: OTP-7731 Aux Id: seq11161

1.36  Kernel 2.12.5

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The documentation of rpc:pmap/3 has been corrected. (Thanks to Kirill Zaborski.)

    Own Id: OTP-7537

  • The listen socket used for the distributed Erlang protocol now uses the socket option 'reuseaddr', which is useful when you force the listen port number using kernel options 'inet_dist_listen_min' and 'inet_dist_listen_max' and restarts a node with open connections.

    Own Id: OTP-7563

  • Fixed memory leak of unclosed TCP-ports. A gen_tcp:send() followed by a failing gen_tcp:recv() could in some cases cause the port to linger after being closed.

    Own Id: OTP-7615

Improvements and New Features

  • Processes spawned using proc_lib (including gen_server and other library modules that use proc_lib) no longer keep the entire argument list for the initial call, but only the arity.

    Also, if proc_lib:spawn/1 is used to spawn a fun, the actual fun is not kept, but only module, function name, and arity of the function that implements the fun.

    The reason for the change is that keeping the initial fun (or a fun in an argument list), would prevent upgrading the code for the module. A secondary reason is that keeping the fun and function arguments could waste a significant amount of memory.

    The drawback with the change is that the crash reports will provide less precise information about the initial call (only Module:Function/Arity instead of Module:Function(Arguments)). The function proc_lib:initial_call/1 still returns a list, but each argument has been replaced with a dummy atom.

    Own Id: OTP-7531 Aux Id: seq11036

  • io:get_line/1 when reading from standard input is now substantially faster. There are also some minor performance improvements in io:get_line/1 when reading from any file opened in binary mode. (Thanks to Fredrik Svahn.)

    Own Id: OTP-7542

  • There is now experimental support for loading of code from archive files. See the documentation of code, init, erl_prim_loader and escript for more info.

    The error handling of escripts has been improved.

    An escript may now set explicit arguments to the emulator, such as -smp enabled.

    An escript may now contain a precompiled beam file.

    An escript may now contain an archive file containing one or more applications (experimental).

    The internal module code_aux has been removed.

    Own Id: OTP-7548 Aux Id: otp-6622

  • code:is_sticky/1 is now documented. (Thanks to Vlad Dumitrescu.)

    Own Id: OTP-7561

  • In the job control mode, the "s" and "r" commands now take an optional argument to specify which shell to start. (Thanks to Robert Virding.)

    Own Id: OTP-7617

  • net_adm:world/0,1 could crash if called in an emulator that has not been started with either the -sname or -name option; now it will return an empty list. (Thanks to Edwin Fine.)

    Own Id: OTP-7618

1.37  Kernel 2.12.4

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Large files are now handled on Windows, where the filesystem supports it.

    Own Id: OTP-7410

Improvements and New Features

  • New BIF erlang:decode_packet/3 that extracts a protocol packet from a binary. Similar to the socket option {packet, Type}. Also documented the socket packet type http and made it official. NOTE: The tuple format for http packets sent from an active socket has been changed in an incompatible way.


    Own Id: OTP-7404

  • Setting the {active,once} for a socket (using inets:setopts/2) is now specially optimized (because the {active,once} option is typically used much more frequently than other options).

    Own Id: OTP-7520

1.38  Kernel 2.12.3

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • SCTP_ADDR_CONFIRMED events are now handled by gen_sctp.

    Own Id: OTP-7276

  • When leaving a process group with pg2:leave/2 the process was falsely assumed to be a member of the group. This bug has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-7277

  • In the Erlang shell, using up and down arrow keys, the wrong previous command could sometimes be retrieved.

    Own Id: OTP-7278

  • The documentation for erlang:trace/3 has been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-7279 Aux Id: seq10927

  • In the SMP emulator, there was small risk that code:purge(Mod) would kill a process that was running code in Mod and unload the module Mod before the process had terminated. code:purge(Mod) now waits for confirmation (using erlang:monitor/2) that the process has been killed before proceeding.

    Own Id: OTP-7282

  • zlib:inflate failed when the size of the inflated data was an exact multiple of the internal buffer size (4000 bytes by default).

    Own Id: OTP-7359

Improvements and New Features

  • Additional library directories can now be specified in the environment variable ERL_LIBS. See the manual page for the code module. (Thanks to Serge Aleynikov.)

    Own Id: OTP-6940

  • crypto and zlib drivers improved to allow concurrent smp access.

    Own Id: OTP-7262

  • There is a new function init:stop/1 which can be used to shutdown the system cleanly AND generate a non-zero exit status or crash dump. (Thanks to Magnus Froberg.)

    Own Id: OTP-7308

  • The hide option for open_port/2 is now documented. (Thanks to Richard Carlsson.)

    Own Id: OTP-7358

1.39  Kernel

Improvements and New Features

  • os:cmd/1 on unix platforms now use /bin/sh as shell instead of looking for sh in the PATH environment.

    Own Id: OTP-7283

1.40  Kernel 2.12.2

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A bug caused by a race condition involving disk_log and pg2 has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-7209 Aux Id: seq10890

  • The beta testing module gen_sctp now supports active mode as stated in the documentation. Active mode is still rather untested, and there are some issues about what should be the right semantics for gen_sctp:connect/5. In particular: should it be blocking or non-blocking or choosable. There is a high probability it will change semantics in a (near) future patch.

    Try it, give comments and send in bug reports!

    Own Id: OTP-7225

Improvements and New Features

  • erlang:system_info/1 now accepts the logical_processors, and debug_compiled arguments. For more info see the, erlang(3) documentation.

    The scale factor returned by test_server:timetrap_scale_factor/0 is now also effected if the emulator uses a larger amount of scheduler threads than the amount of logical processors on the system.

    Own Id: OTP-7175

  • Updated the documentation for erlang:function_exported/3 and io:format/2 functions to no longer state that those functions are kept mainly for backwards compatibility.

    Own Id: OTP-7186

  • A process executing the processes/0 BIF can now be preempted by other processes during its execution. This in order to disturb the rest of the system as little as possible. The returned result is, of course, still a consistent snapshot of existing processes at a time during the call to processes/0.

    The documentation of the processes/0 BIF and the is_process_alive/1 BIF have been updated in order to clarify the difference between an existing process and a process that is alive.

    Own Id: OTP-7213

  • tuple_size/1 and byte_size/1 have been substituted for size/1 in the documentation.

    Own Id: OTP-7244

1.41  Kernel

Improvements and New Features

  • The {allocator_sizes, Alloc} and alloc_util_allocators arguments are now accepted by erlang:system_info/1. For more information see the erlang(3) documentation.

    Own Id: OTP-7167

1.42  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Fixed a problem in group that could cause the ssh server to lose answers or hang.

    Own Id: OTP-7185 Aux Id: seq10871

1.43  Kernel 2.12.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • file:read/2 and file:consult_stream/1,3 did not use an empty prompt on I/O devices. This bug has now been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-7013

  • The sctp driver has been updated to work against newer lksctp packages e.g 1.0.7 that uses the API spelling change adaption -> adaptation. Older lksctp (1.0.6) still work. The erlang API in gen_sctp.erl and inet_sctp.hrl now spells 'adaptation' regardless of the underlying C API.


    Own Id: OTP-7120

Improvements and New Features

  • The documentation has been updated so as to reflect the last updates of the Erlang shell as well as the minor modifications of the control sequence p of the io_lib module.

    Superfluous empty lines have been removed from code examples and from Erlang shell examples.

    Own Id: OTP-6944 Aux Id: OTP-6554, OTP-6911

  • tuple_size/1 and byte_size/1 have been substituted for size/1.

    Own Id: OTP-7009

1.44  Kernel 2.12

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A bug for raw files when reading 0 bytes returning 'eof' instead of empty data has been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-6291 Aux Id: OTP-6967

  • A bug in gen_udp:fdopen reported by David Baird and also found by Dialyzer has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-6836 Aux Id: OTP-6594

  • Calling error_logger:tty(true) multiple times does not give multiple error log printouts.

    Own Id: OTP-6884 Aux Id: seq10767

  • The global name server now ignores nodeup messages when the command line flag -connect_all false has been used. (Thanks to Trevor Woollacott.)

    Own Id: OTP-6931

  • file:write_file/3, file:write/2 and file:read/2 could crash (contrary to documentation) for odd enough file system problems, e.g write to full file system. This bug has now been corrected.

    In this process the file module has been rewritten to produce better error codes. Posix error codes now originate from the OS file system calls or are generated only for very similar causes (for example 'enomem' is generated if a memory allocation fails, and 'einval' is generated if the file handle in Erlang is a file handle but currently invalid).

    More Erlang-ish error codes are now generated. For example {error,badarg} is now returned from file:close/1 if the argument is not of a file handle type. See file(3).

    The possibility to write a single byte using file:write/2 instead of a list or binary of one byte, contradictory to the documentation, has been removed.


    Own Id: OTP-6967 Aux Id: OTP-6597 OTP-6291

  • Monitor messages produced by the system monitor functionality, and garbage collect trace messages could contain erroneous heap and/or stack sizes when the actual heaps and/or stacks were huge.

    As of erts version 5.6 the large_heap option to erlang:system_monitor/[1,2] has been modified. The monitor message is sent if the sum of the sizes of all memory blocks allocated for all heap generations is equal to or larger than the specified size. Previously the monitor message was sent if the memory block allocated for the youngest generation was equal to or larger than the specified size.


    Own Id: OTP-6974 Aux Id: seq10796

  • inet:getopts/2 returned random values on Windows Vista.

    Own Id: OTP-7003

Improvements and New Features

  • Minor documentation corrections for file:pread/2 and file:pread/3.

    Own Id: OTP-6853

  • The deprecated functions file:file_info/1, init:get_flag/1, init:get_flags/0, and init:get_args/0 have been removed.


    Own Id: OTP-6886

  • Contract directives for modules in Kernel and STDLIB.

    Own Id: OTP-6895

  • The functions io:columns/0, io:columns/1, io:rows/0 and io:rows/1 are added to allow the user to get information about the terminal geometry. The shell takes some advantage of this when formatting output. For regular files and other io-devices where height and width are not applicable, the functions return {error,enotsup}.

    Potential incompatibility: If one has written a custom io-handler, the handler has to either return an error or take care of io-requests regarding terminal height and width. Usually that is no problem as io-handlers, as a rule of thumb, should give an error reply when receiving unknown io-requests, instead of crashing.


    Own Id: OTP-6933

  • The undocumented and unsupported functions inet:ip_to_bytes/1, inet:ip4_to_bytes/1, inet:ip6_to_bytes/1, and inet:bytes_to_ip6/16 have been removed.

    Own Id: OTP-6938

  • Added new checksum combine functions to zlib. And fixed a bug in zlib:deflate. Thanks Matthew Dempsky.

    Own Id: OTP-6970

  • The spawn_monitor/1 and spawn_monitor/3 BIFs are now auto-imported (i.e. they no longer need an erlang: prefix).

    Own Id: OTP-6975

  • All functions in the code module now fail with an exception if they are called with obviously bad arguments, such as a tuple when an atom was expected. Some functions now also fail for undocumented argument types (for instance, ensure_loaded/1 now only accepts an atom as documented; it used to accept a string too).

    Dialyzer will generally emit warnings for any calls that use undocumented argument types. Even if the call happens to still work in R12B, you should correct your code. A future release will adhere to the documentation.


    Own Id: OTP-6983

1.45  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The kernel parameter dist_auto_connect once could fail to block a node if massive parallel sends were issued during a transient failure of network communication

    Own Id: OTP-6893 Aux Id: seq10753

1.46  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The internal (rarely used) DNS resolver has been modified to not use the domain search list when asked to resolve an absolute name; a name with a terminating dot. There was also a bug causing it to create malformed DNS queries for absolute names that has been corrected, correction suggested by Scott Lystig Fritchie. The code has also been corrected to look up cached RRs in the same search order as non-cached, now allows having the root domain among the search domains, and can now actually do a zone transfer request.


    Own Id: OTP-6806 Aux Id: seq10714 EABln35459

  • zlib:close/1 would leave an EXIT message in the message queue if the calling process had the trap_exit flag enabled.

    Own Id: OTP-6811

Improvements and New Features

  • The documentation of process_flag(priority, Level) has been updated, see the erlang(3) documentation.

    Own Id: OTP-6745 Aux Id: OTP-6715

1.47  Kernel 2.11.5

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The shell has been updated to fix the following flaws: Shell process exit left you with an unresponsive initial shell if not using oldshell. Starting a restricted shell with a nonexisting callback module resulted in a shell where no commands could be used, not even init:stop/0. Fun's could not be used as parameters to local shell functions (in shell_default or user_default) when restricted_shell was active.

    Own Id: OTP-6537

  • The undocumented feature gen_tcp:fdopen/2 was broken in R11B-4. It is now fixed again.

    Own Id: OTP-6615

  • Corrected cancellation of timers in three places in the inet_res module. (Problem found by Dialyzer.)

    Own Id: OTP-6676

Improvements and New Features

  • Corrected protocol layer flue for socket options SO_LINGER, SO_SNDBUF and SO_RCVBUF, for SCTP.

    Own Id: OTP-6625 Aux Id: OTP-6336

  • The behaviour of the inet option {active,once} on peer close is improved and documented.

    Own Id: OTP-6681

  • The inet option send_timeout for connection oriented sockets is added to allow for timeouts in communicating send requests to the underlying TCP stack.

    Own Id: OTP-6684 Aux Id: seq10637 OTP-6681

  • Minor Makefile changes.

    Own Id: OTP-6689 Aux Id: OTP-6742

  • The documentation of process_flag(priority, Level) has been updated, see the erlang(3) documentation.

    Own Id: OTP-6715

1.48  Kernel

Improvements and New Features

  • process_flag/2 accepts the new flag sensitive.

    Own Id: OTP-6592 Aux Id: seq10555

1.49  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A bug in gen_udp:open that broke the 'fd' option has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-6594 Aux Id: seq10619

1.50  Kernel 2.11.4

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Added a warning to the documentation for the error_logger functions error_msg/1,2, warning_msg/1,2 and info_msg/1,2 that calling these function with bad arguments can crash the standard event handler.

    Own Id: OTP-4575 Aux Id: seq7693

  • A bug in inet_db concerning getting the resolver option retry has been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-6380 Aux Id: seq10534

  • Names registered by calling global:register_name() or global:re_register_name() were not always unregistered when the registering or registered process died. This bug has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-6428

  • When setting the kernel configuration parameter error_logger to false, the documentation stated that "No error logger handler is installed". This is true, but error logging is not turned off, as the initial, primitive error logger event handler is kept, printing raw event messages to tty.

    Changing this behavior can be viewed as a backward incompatible change. Instead a new value silent for the configuration parameter has been added, which ensures that error logging is completely turned off.

    Own Id: OTP-6445

  • Clarified the documentation for code:lib_dir/1 and code:priv_dir/1. The functions traverse the names of the code path, they do not search the actual directories.

    Own Id: OTP-6466

  • io:setopts returned {error,badarg}, when called with only an expand_fun argument. (Thanks to igwan.)

    Own Id: OTP-6508

Improvements and New Features

  • An interface towards the SCTP Socket API Extensions has been implemented.It is an Open Source patch courtesy of Serge Aleynikov and Leonid Timochouk. The Erlang code parts has been adapted by the OTP team, changing the Erlang API somewhat.

    The Erlang interface consists of the module gen_sctp and an include file -include_lib("kernel/include/inet_sctp.hrl"). for option record definitions. The gen_sctp module is documented.

    The delivered Open Source patch, before the OTP team rewrites, was written according to http://tools.ietf.org/html/draft-ietf-tsvwg-sctpsocket-13 and was claimed to work fine, tested on Linux Fedora Core 5.0 (kernel 2.6.15-2054 or later) and on Solaris 10 and 11. The OTP team rewrites used the same standard document but might have accidentally broken some functionality. If so, it will soon be patched to working state. The tricky parts in C and the general design has essentially not changed. During the rewrites the code was hand tested on SuSE Linux Enterprise Server 10, and briefly on Solaris 10. Feedbach on code and docs is very much appreciated.

    The SCTP interface is in beta state. It has only been hand tested and has no automatic test suites in OTP meaning everything is most certainly not tested. Socket active mode is broken. IPv6 is not tested. The documentation has been reworked due to the API changes, but has not been proofread after this.

    Thank you from the OTP team to Serge Aleynikov and Leonid Timochouk for a valuable contribution. We hope we have not messed it up too much.

    Own Id: OTP-6336

  • A {minor_version,Version} option is now recognized by term_to_binary/2. {minor_version,1} will cause floats to be encoded in an exact and more space-efficient way compared to the previous encoding.

    Own Id: OTP-6434

  • Monitoring of nodes has been improved. Now the following properties apply to net_kernel:monitor_nodes/[1,2]:

    • nodeup messages will be delivered before delivery of any message from the remote node passed through the newly established connection.
    • nodedown messages will not be delivered until all messages from the remote node that have been passed through the connection have been delivered.
    • Subscriptions can also be made before the net_kernel server has been started.

    Own Id: OTP-6481

  • Setting and getting socket options in a "raw" fashion is now allowed. Using this feature will inevitably produce non portable code, but will allow setting ang getting arbitrary uncommon options on TCP stacks that do have them.

    Own Id: OTP-6519

  • Dialyzer warnings have been eliminated.

    Own Id: OTP-6523

  • The documentation for file:delete/1 and file:set_cwd/1 has been updated to clarify what happens if the input arguments are of an incorrect type.

    Own Id: OTP-6535

1.51  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • An erroneous packet size could be used for the first messages passed through a newly established connection between two Erlang nodes. This could cause messages to be discarded, or termination of the connection.

    Own Id: OTP-6473

1.52  Kernel 2.11.3

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • On Unix, the unix:cmd/1 function could leave an 'EXIT' message in the message queue for the calling process That problem was more likely to happen in an SMP emulator.

    Own Id: OTP-6368

Improvements and New Features

  • More interfaces are added in erl_ddll, to support different usage scenarios.

    Own Id: OTP-6307 Aux Id: OTP-6234

  • Locks set by calling global:set_lock() were not always deleted when the locking process died. This bug has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-6341 Aux Id: seq10445

1.53  Kernel 2.11.2

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Behavior in case of disappeared nodes when using he dist_auto_connect once got changed in R11B-1. The timeouts regarding normal distributed operations is now reverted to the old (pre R11B-1).

    Own Id: OTP-6258 Aux Id: OTP-6200, seq10449

  • Start-up problems for the internal process used by the inet:gethostbyname() functions were eliminated. If the internal process (inet_gethost_native) had not previously been started, and if several processes at the same time called one of the inet:gethostbyname() functions, the calls could fail.

    Own Id: OTP-6286

Improvements and New Features

  • Code cleanup: the old internal obsolete file_server has been removed. It was only used when communicating with R7 and older nodes.

    Own Id: OTP-6245

  • Trying to open a non-existent or badly formed disk log no longer results in a crash report. In particular, ets:file2tab/1 reports no error when the argument is not a well-formed disk log file. (The return value has not been changed, it is still an error tuple.)

    Own Id: OTP-6278 Aux Id: seq10421

  • There are new BIFs erlang:spawn_monitor/1,3, and the new option monitor for spawn_opt/2,3,4,5.

    The observer_backend module has been updated to handle the new BIFs.

    Own Id: OTP-6281

  • To help Dialyzer find more bugs, many functions in the Kernel and STDLIB applications now only accept arguments of the type that is documented.

    For instance, the functions lists:prefix/2 and lists:suffix/2 are documented to only accept lists as their arguments, but they actually accepted anything and returned false. That has been changed so that the functions cause an exception if one or both arguments are not lists.

    Also, the string:strip/3 function is documented to take a character argument that is a character to strip from one or both ends of the string. Given a list instead of a character, it used to do nothing, but will now cause an exception.

    Dialyzer will find most cases where those functions are passed arguments of the wrong type.


    Own Id: OTP-6295

1.54  Kernel

Improvements and New Features

  • There is now an option read_packets for UDP sockets that sets the maximum number of UDP packets that will be read for each invocation of the socket driver.

    Own Id: OTP-6249 Aux Id: seq10452

1.55  Kernel 2.11.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • In R11B-0, the erl_ddll server process is always started. Despite that, the configuration parameter start_ddll for the Kernel application was still obeyed, which would cause the erl_ddll server to be started TWICE (and the system shutting down as a result). In this release, start_ddll is no longer used and its documentation has been removed.

    Own Id: OTP-6163

  • The kernel option {dist_auto_connect,once} could block out nodes that had never been connected, causing persistent partitioning of networks. Furthermore, partial restarts of networks could cause inconsistent global name databases. Both problems are now solved.

    Own Id: OTP-6200 Aux Id: seq10377

Improvements and New Features

  • Late arriving tcp_closed and udp_closed messages are now removed from the message queue of a process calling gen_tcp:close/1, gen_udp:close/1, and inet:close/1.

    Own Id: OTP-6197

1.56  Kernel 2.11

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • When repairing a disk log with a corrupt index file (caused by for instance a hard disk failure) the old contents of the index file is kept unmodified. This will make repeated attempts to open the disk log fail every time.

    Own Id: OTP-5558 Aux Id: seq9823

  • Previously unlink/1 and erlang:demonitor/2 behaved completely asynchronous. This had one undesirable effect, though. You could never know when you were guaranteed not to be affected by a link that you had unlinked or a monitor that you had demonitored.

    The new behavior of unlink/1 and erlang:demonitor/2 can be viewed as two operations performed atomically. Asynchronously send an unlink signal or a demonitor signal, and ignore any future results of the link or monitor.

    NOTE: This change can cause some obscure code to fail which previously did not. For example, the following code might hang:

                Mon = erlang:monitor(process, Pid),
                %% ...
                exit(Pid, bang),
                    {'DOWN', Mon, process, Pid, _} -> ok
                %% We were previously guaranteed to get a down message
                %% (since we exited the process ourself), so we could
                %% in this case leave out:
                %% after 0 -> ok


    Own Id: OTP-5772

  • The behavior when an application fails to start and possibly causes the runtime system to halt has been cleaned up, including fixing some minor bugs.

    application_controller should now always terminate with a non-nested string, meaning the slogan in an erl_crash.dump should always be easy to read.

    init now makes sure that the slogan passed to erlang:halt/1 does not exceed the maximum allowed length.

    Redundant calls to list_to_atom/1 has been removed from the primitive error_logger event handler. (Thanks Serge Aleynikov for pointing this out).

    The changes only affects the contents of the error messages and crashdump file slogan.

    Own Id: OTP-5964

  • The erl_ddll server is now started when OTP is started and placed under the Kernel supervisor. This fixes several minor issues. It used to be started on demand.

    The documentation for the start and stop functions in the erl_ddll module has been removed, as those functions are not meant to be used by other applications.

    Furthermore, the erl_ddll:stop/1 function no longer terminates the erl_ddll server, as that would terminate the entire runtime system.

    Own Id: OTP-6033

Improvements and New Features

  • Removed some unused functions from application_master.

    Own Id: OTP-3889

  • Global no longer allows the registration of a process under more than one name. If the old (buggy) behavior is desired the Kernel application variable global_multi_name_action can be given the value allow.

    Own Id: OTP-5640 Aux Id: OTP-5603

  • The (slightly misleading) warnings that was shown when the erlang.erl file was compiled has been eliminated.

    Own Id: OTP-5947

  • The auth module API is deprecated.

    Own Id: OTP-6037

  • Added erlang:demonitor/2, making it possible to at the same time flush a received 'DOWN' message, if there is one. See erlang(3).

    Own Id: OTP-6100 Aux Id: OTP-5772

1.57  Kernel 2.10.13

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Large files (more than 2 GBytes) are now handled on Solaris 8.

    Own Id: OTP-5849 Aux Id: seq10157

  • During startup, a garbage {'DOWN', ...} message was left by inet_gethost_native, that caused problems for the starting code server.

    Own Id: OTP-5978 Aux Id: OTP-5974

Improvements and New Features

  • global now makes several attempts to connect nodes when maintaining the fully connected network. More than one attempt is sometimes needed under very heavy load.

    Own Id: OTP-5889

  • erl_epmd now explicitly sets the timeout to infinity when calling gen_server:call. The old timeout of 15 seconds could time out under very heavy load.

    Own Id: OTP-5959

  • Corrected the start of code server to use reference-tagged tuples to ensure that an unexpected message sent to the parent process does not cause a halt of the system. Also removed the useless start/* functions in both code.erl and code_server.erl and no longer exports the init function from code_server.erl.

    Own Id: OTP-5974 Aux Id: seq10243, OTP-5978

1.58  Kernel 2.10.12

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • A bug in global has been fixed: the locker process added nonode@nohost to the list of nodes to lock. This could happen before any nodes got known to the global name server. Depending on net configuration the symptom was a delay.

    Own Id: OTP-5792 Aux Id: OTP-5563

  • If an .app file is missing, the error reason returned by application:load/1 has been corrected to {"no such file or directory", "FILE.app"}, instead of the less informative {"unknown POSIX error","FILE.app"}.

    Own Id: OTP-5809

  • Bug fixes: disk_log:accessible_logs/0 no longer reports all pg2 process groups as distributed disk logs; disk_log:pid2name/1 did not recognize processes of distributed disk logs.

    Own Id: OTP-5810

  • The functions file:consult/1, file:path_consult/2, file:eval/1,2, file:path_eval/2,3, file:script/1,2, file:path_script/2,3 now return correct line numbers in error tuples.

    Own Id: OTP-5814

  • If there were user-defined variables in the boot script, and their values were not provided using the -boot_var option, the emulator would refuse to start with a confusing error message. Corrected to show a clear, understandable message.

    The prim_file module was modified to not depend on the lists module, to make it possible to start the emulator using a user-defined loader. (Thanks to Martin Bjorklund.)

    Own Id: OTP-5828 Aux Id: seq10151

  • Minor corrections in the description of open modes. (Thanks to Richard Carlsson.)

    Own Id: OTP-5856

Improvements and New Features

  • application_controller now terminates with the actual error reason, instead of shutdown. This means that the crash dump now should be somewhat more informative, in the case where the runtime system is terminated due to an error in an application.

    Example: If the (permanent) application app1 fails to start, the slogan now will be: "Kernel pid terminated (application_controller) ({application_start_failure,app1,{shutdown, {app1,start,[normal,[]]}}})"

    rather than the previous "Kernel pid terminated (application_controller) (shutdown)".

    Own Id: OTP-5811

1.59  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Timers could sometimes timeout too early. This bug has now been fixed.

    Automatic cancellation of timers created by erlang:send_after(Time, pid(), Msg), and erlang:start_timer(Time, pid(), Msg) has been introduced. Timers created with the receiver specified by a pid, will automatically be cancelled when the receiver exits. For more information see the erlang(3) man page.

    In order to be able to maintain a larger amount of timers without increasing the maintenance cost, the internal timer wheel and bif timer table have been enlarged.

    Also a number of minor bif timer optimizations have been implemented.

    Own Id: OTP-5795 Aux Id: OTP-5090, seq8913, seq10139, OTP-5782

Improvements and New Features

  • Documentation improvements:

    - documentation for erlang:link/1 corrected

    - command line flag -code_path_cache added

    - erl command line flags clarifications

    - net_kernel(3) clarifications

    Own Id: OTP-5847

1.60  Kernel 2.10.11

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Several bug fixes and improvements in the global name registration facility (see global(3)):

    • the name resolving procedure did not always unlink no longer registered processes;
    • the global name could sometimes hang when a nodedown was immediately followed by a nodeup;
    • global names were not always unregistered when a node went down;
    • it is now possible to set and delete locks at the same time as the global name server is resolving names--the handling of global locks has been separated from registration of global names;

    As of this version, global no longer supports nodes running Erlang/OTP R7B or earlier.


    Own Id: OTP-5563

  • The functions global:set_lock/3 and global:trans/4 now accept the value 0 (zero) of the Retries argument.

    Own Id: OTP-5737

  • The inet:getaddr(Addr, Family) no longer validates the Addr argument if it is a 4 or 8 tuple containing the IP address, except for the size of the tuple and that it contains integers in the correct range.

    The reason for the change is that validation could cause the following sequence of calls to fail:

    {ok,Addr} = inet:getaddr(localhost, inet6), gen_tcp:connect(Addr, 7, [inet6])

    Own Id: OTP-5743

Improvements and New Features

  • The previously undocumented and UNSUPPORTED zlib module has been updated in an incompatible way and many bugs have been corrected. It is now also documented.


    Own Id: OTP-5715

  • Added application interface functions which_applications/1, set_env/4 and unset_env/3, which take an additional Timeout argument. To be used in situations where the standard gen_server timeout (5000ms) is not adequate.

    Own Id: OTP-5724 Aux Id: seq10083

  • Improved documentation regarding synchronized start of applications with included applications (using start phases and application_starter).

    Own Id: OTP-5754

  • New socket options priority and tos for platforms that support them (currently only Linux).

    Own Id: OTP-5756

  • The global name server has been optimized when it comes to maintaining a fully connected network.

    Own Id: OTP-5770

1.61  Kernel

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The native resolver has gotten an control API for extended debugging and soft restart. It is: inet_gethost_native:control(Control)
    Control = {debug_level,Level} | soft_restart
    Level = integer() in the range 0-4.

    Own Id: OTP-5751 Aux Id: EABln25013

1.62  Kernel 2.10.10

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • If several processes (at the same node) simultaneously tried to start the same distributed application, this could lead to application:start returning an erroneous value, or even hang.

    Own Id: OTP-5606 Aux Id: seq9838

Improvements and New Features

  • The manual pages for most of the Kernel and some of the STDLIB modules have been updated, in particular regarding type definitions.

    The documentation of the return value for erts:info/1 has been corrected.

    The documentation for erlang:statistics/1 now lists all possible arguments.

    Own Id: OTP-5360

  • When the native resolver fails a gethostbyaddr lookup, nxdomain should be returned. There should be no attempt to fallback on a routine that succeeds if only the syntax of the IP address is valid. This has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-5598 Aux Id: OTP-5576

  • Replaced some tuple funs with the new fun M:F/A construct.

    The high-order functions in the lists module no longer accept bad funs under any circumstances. 'lists:map(bad_fun, [])' used to return '[]' but now causes an exception.

    Unused, broken compatibility code in the ets module was removed. (Thanks to Dialyzer.)

    Eliminated 5 discrepancies found by Dialyzer in the Appmon application.

    Own Id: OTP-5633

  • The possibility to have comments following the list of tuples in a config file (file specified with the -config flag) has been added.

    Own Id: OTP-5661 Aux Id: seq10003

1.63  Kernel 2.10.9

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • 'erl -config sys.config' would fail to start if the sys.config file did not contain any whitespace at all after the dot. (Thanks to Anders Nygren.)

    Own Id: OTP-5543

  • A bug regarding tcp sockets which results in hanging gen_tcp:send/2 has been corrected. To encounter this bug you needed one process that read from a socket, one that wrote more date than the reader read out so the sender got suspended, and then the reader closed the socket. (Reported and diagnosed by Alexey Shchepin.)

    Corrected a bug in the (undocumented and unsupported) option {packet,http} for gen_tcp. (Thanks to Claes Wikstrom and Luke Gorrie.)

    Updated the documentation regarding the second argument to gen_tcp:recv/2, the Length to receive.

    Own Id: OTP-5582 Aux Id: seq9839

Improvements and New Features

  • At startup, the Erlang resolver hosts table was used to look up the name of the local (and possibly stand alone) host. This was incorrect. The configured resolver method is now used for this purpose.

    Own Id: OTP-5393

  • The erlang:port_info/1 BIF is now documented. Minor corrections of the documentation for erlang:port_info/2.

    Added a note to the documentation of the math module that all functions are not available on all platforms.

    Added more information about the +c option in the erl man page in the ERTS documentation.

    Own Id: OTP-5555

  • The new fun M:F/A construct creates a fun that refers to the latest version of M:F/A. This syntax is meant to replace tuple funs {M,F} which have many problems.

    The new type test is_function(Fun,A) (which may be used in guards) test whether Fun is a fun that can be applied with A arguments. (Currently, Fun can also be a tuple fun.)

    Own Id: OTP-5584

  • According to the documentation global implements the equivalent of register/2, which returns badarg if a process is already registered. As it turns out there is no check in global if a process is registered under more than one name. If some process is accidentally or by design given several names, it is possible that the name registry becomes inconsistent due to the way the resolve function is called when name clashes are discovered (see register_name/3 in global(3)).

    In OTP R11B global will not allow the registration of a process under more than one name. To help finding code where no will be returned, a Kernel application variable, global_multi_name_action, is hereby introduced. Depending on its value (info, warning, or error), messages are sent to the error logger when global discovers that some process is given more than one name. The variable only affects the node where it is defined.

    Own Id: OTP-5603

1.64  Kernel 2.10.8

Improvements and New Features

  • In case of a DNS lookup loop, inet_db:getbyname ends up building an infinite list. This has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-5449

  • When doing an inet6 name lookup on an IPv4 address it was possible to get an address on IPv4 format back. This has been corrected. Some other minor inconsistencies regarding IPv6 name lookup have also been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-5576

1.65  Kernel 2.10.7

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Under certain circumstances the net_kernel could emit spurious nodedown messages. This bug has been fixed.

    Own Id: OTP-5396

  • Removed description of the keep_zombies configuration parameter in the kernel man page.

    Own Id: OTP-5497

Improvements and New Features

  • Eliminated Dialyzer warnings (caused by dead code) in the init and prim_file modules.

    Own Id: OTP-5496

  • inet_config now also checks the environment variable ERL_INETRC for a possible user configuration file. See the ERTS User's Guide for details.

    Own Id: OTP-5512

1.66  Kernel 2.10.6

Improvements and New Features

  • The c option for the +B flag has been introduced which makes it possible to use Ctrl-C (Ctrl-Break on Windows) to interrupt the shell process rather than to invoke the emulator break handler. All new +B options are also supported on Windows (werl) as of now. Furthermore, Ctrl-C on Windows has now been reserved for copying text (what Ctrl-Ins was used for previously). Ctrl-Break should be used for break handling. Lastly, the documentation of the system flags has been updated.

    Own Id: OTP-5388

  • The possibility to start the Erlang shell in parallel with the rest of the system was reintroduced for backwards compatibility in STDLIB 1.13.1. The flag to be used for this is now called async_shell_start and has been documented. New shells started from the JCL menu are not synchronized with init anymore. This makes it possible to start a new shell (e.g. for debugging purposes) even if the initial shell has not come up.

    Own Id: OTP-5406 Aux Id: OTP-5218

1.67  Kernel 2.10.5

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • Documentation for erlang:binary_to_float/1 deleted. The BIF itself was removed several releases ago.

    Updated documentation for apply/2 and apply/3.

    Own Id: OTP-5391

Improvements and New Features

  • net_kernel:monitor_nodes/2 which takes a flag and an option list has been added. By use of net_kernel:monitor_nodes/2 one can subscribe for nodeup/nodedown messages with extra information. It is now possible to monitor hidden nodes, and get nodedown reason. See the net_kernel(3) documentation for more information.

    Own Id: OTP-5374

1.68  Kernel 2.10.4

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The application master for an application now terminates the application faster, which reduces the risk for timeouts in other parts of the system.

    Own Id: OTP-5363 Aux Id: EABln19084

  • A BIF erlang:raise/3 has been added. See the manual for details. It is intended for internal system programming only, advanced error handling.

    Own Id: OTP-5376 Aux Id: OTP-5257

1.69  Kernel 2.10.3

Improvements and New Features

  • With the -eval flag (erl -eval Expr), an arbitrary expression can be evaluated during system initialization. This is documented in init(3).

    Own Id: OTP-5260

  • The unsupported and undocumented modules socks5, socks5_auth, socks5_tcp, and socks5_udp have been removed.

    Own Id: OTP-5266

1.70  Kernel 2.10.1

Fixed Bugs and Malfunctions

  • The Pman 'trace shell' functionality was broken and has now been fixed. Furthermore, Pman could not correctly find the pid of the active shell if more than one shell process was running on the node. This has also been corrected.

    Own Id: OTP-5191

  • The documentation for the auth:open/1 function which no longer exists has been removed. (Thanks to Miguel Barreiro.)

    Own Id: OTP-5208

  • Corrected the crc32/3 function in the undocumented and unsupported zlib module.

    Own Id: OTP-5227

Improvements and New Features

  • You can now start Erlang with the -rsh flag which gives you a remote initial shell instead of a local one. Example:

                erl -sname this_node -rsh other_node@other_host

    Own Id: OTP-5210

  • If /etc/hosts specified two hosts with the same IP address (on separate lines), only the last host would be registered by inet_db during inet configuration. This has been corrected now so that both aliases are registered with the same IP address.

    Own Id: OTP-5212 Aux Id: seq7128

  • The documentation for BIFs that take I/O lists have been clarified. Those are list_to_binary/1, port_command/2, port_control/3.

    Documentation for all is_* BIFs (such as is_atom/1) has been added.

    Removed the documentation for erlang:float_to_binary/2 which was removed from the run-time system several releases ago.

    Own Id: OTP-5222